Agriculture Stats

Agricultural policies are measures related to the domestic farm sector and trade in agricultural products. Agricultural policies address a wide range of issues, including providing sufficient food at reasonable prices for consumers, ensuring food safety and improving environmental quality. The OECD has developed agriculture support indicators that, despite this diversity, express policy measures with numbers in a comparable way across time and between countries.

Agricultural Support

Agricultural support is defined as the annual monetary value of gross transfers to agriculture from consumers and taxpayers, arising from governments’ policies that support agriculture, regardless of their objectives and their economic impacts. The Percentage Total Support Estimate indicator (%TSE) represents the total of policy transfers to agricultural sector expressed as a share of GDP. The Percentage Producer Support Estimate (%PSE) represents policy transfers to agricultural producers, measured at the farm gate and expressed as a share of gross farm receipts. TSE transfers consist of transfers to agricultural producers (measured by the PSE), consumers (measured by the CSE) and support to general services to agricultural sector (measured by the GSSE). Transfers included in the PSE are composed of market price support, budgetary payments and the cost of revenue foregone by the government and other economic agents.

Producer Protection

Producer protection, measured by the Producer Nominal Protection Coefficient (NPC) is defined as the ratio between the average price received by producers (measured at the farm gate), including net payments per unit of current output, and the border price (measured at the farm gate). For instance, an NPC of 1.10 suggests that farmers, overall, received prices that were 10% above international market levels.

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Interactive Data and Comparison

COMPOSITION OF LAND AREA

Indicator Level Units As-Of 1Y Chg 5Y Ago 10Y Ago
Total Land Area 1,811,570 sq. km 2014 0.00% 1,811,570 1,811,570
Arable Land 12.97% % of Land Area 2012 0.00% 12.53% 12.37%
Agricultural Land 31.19% % of Land Area 2012 3.67% 28.70% 27.27%
Permanent Cropland 12.14% % of Land Area 2012 10.00% 10.10% 8.83%
Forest Area 51.37% % of Land Area 2012 -0.73% 52.88% 54.36%
Terrestrial Protected Areas 14.70% % of Land Area 2012 0.41% 14.15% 13.59%

Livestock Population

Indicator Level Units As-Of 1Y Chg 5Y Ago 10Y Ago
Dairy Cattle 419 Thousand Animals 2010 5.01% 398 422
Buffalo 10,725 Thousand Animals 2010 5.16% 8,980 7,401
Horse 257,544 Thousand Animals 2010 3.03% 291,085 268,039
Goat 986,872 Thousand Animals 2010 -0.44% 797,527 621,870
Sheep 11,372 Thousand Animals 2010 11.50% 8,980 7,401
Pig 7,758 Thousand Animals 2010 11.23% 6,218 5,369
Native Chicken 274,893 Thousand Animals 2010 9.97% 291,085 268,039
Layer 110,300 Thousand Animals 2010 10.56% 100,202 70,254
Broiler 1,041,968 Thousand Animals 2010 5.11% 797,527 621,870
Duck 49,392 Thousand Animals 2010 16.72% 32,481 32,068

Production of Marine Fisheries by Province

Source: QUANDL

Indicator Level Units As-Of 1Y Chg 5Y Ago 10Y Ago
Sumatera 41,515 Tons 2011 -66.70% 25,671 100,746
Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam 15,968 Tons 2011 60.08% 4,676 16,380
Sumatera Utara 8,019 Tons 2011 -90.53% 1,214 44,624
Sumatera Barat 7,509 Tons 2011 -46.25% 8,650 7,764
Riau 327 Tons 2011 -31.16% 90 19,621
Sumatera Selatan n.a. Tons 2011 -90.87% n.a. 5,030
Bengkulu 1,254 Tons 2011 -13.76% 200 1,924
Lampung 1,551 Tons 2011 -67.89% 3,070 2,320
Bangka Belitun 6,887 Tons 2011 -22.04% 7,771 3,083
Jawa 292,812 Tons 2011 -36.68% 321,436 318,817
DKI Jakarta 25,938 Tons 2011 -17.46% 35,348 28,344
Jawa Barat 44,566 Tons 2011 -14.28% 54,092 42,943
Jawa Tengah 145,530 Tons 2011 -47.96% 163,856 214,766
DI. Yogyakarta 1,040 Tons 2011 1.96% 1,851 757
Jawa Timur 68,027 Tons 2011 -16.71% 58,799 27,126
Banten 7,710 Tons 2011 -53.74% 7,490 4,880
Bali & Nusa Tenggara 11,430 Tons 2011 -75.24% 29,278 9,689
Bali 1,095 Tons 2011 -96.31% 20,206 1,468
Nusa Tenggara Barat 6,028 Tons 2011 -40.50% 5,019 3,650
Nusa Tenggara Timur 4,307 Tons 2011 -32.02% 4,053 4,571
Kalimantan 9,753 Tons 2011 -28.95% 11,141 5,290
Kalimantan Barat 11,430 Tons 2011 -75.24% 29,278 9,689
Kalimantan Tengah 7,445 Tons 2011 -19.08% 10,230 8,889
Kalimantan Seletan n.a. Tons 2011 960.42% n.a. 7,816
Kalimantan Timur 13,594 Tons 2011 -28.18% 14,850 8,886
Sulawesi 4,584 Tons 2011 19.97% 9,413 2,035
Sulawesi Utara 30,792 Tons 2011 -27.32% 36,221 30,882
Sulawesi Tengah 10,379 Tons 2011 339.97% 1,983 6,450
Sulawesi Selatan 2,389 Tons 2011 -16.79% 842 879
Sulawesi Tenggara 14,611 Tons 2011 -45.00% 29,779 22,210
Gorontaio 4,849 Tons 2011 3.15% 6,837 5,351
M Aluku & Papua 2,601 Tons 2011 -49.65% n.a. n.a.
Maluu 36,812 Tons 2011 -8.70% 48,854 36,926
Maluku Utara n.a. Tons 2011 -76.50% n.a. 13,178
Papua Barat 7,935 Tons 2011 -13.52% 4,569 1,518

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